Estimating the Competitive Storage Model with Stochastic Trends in Commodity Prices

Estimating the Competitive Storage Model with Stochastic Trends in Commodity Prices

Abstract

We propose a state-space model (SSM) for commodity prices that combines the competitive storage model with a stochastic trend. This approach fits into the economic rationality of storage decisions, and adds to previous deterministic trend specifications of the storage model. Parameters are estimated using a particle Markov chain Monte Carlo procedure. Empirical application to four commodity markets shows that the stochastic trend SSM is favored over deterministic trend specifications. The stochastic trend SSM identifies structural parameters that differ from those for deterministic trend specifications. In particular, the estimated price elasticities of demand are significantly larger under the stochastic trend SSM.

Publication
arXiv
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Kjartan Kloster Osmundsen
PhD Student in Statistics